The medulla controls breathing, heart rate, and a variety of reflexes (such as swallowing and
sneezing). It helps in the transferring of messages between carious parts of the brain
and the spinal cord. For example, motor and sensory neutrons from the midbrain and
forebrain travel through the medulla. It location is inferior to the pons and anterior
to the cerebellum. The medulla is involved in several functions of the body including coordination
of body movements, and control of autonomic functions.